TOP 5 FAMOUS MONUMENTS IN SAMARKANDE THAT YOU WILL LIKE HOW THEY WAS BUILT



    Top 5 famous monuments in samarkande that you will like how  they was built



    Archaeological site of Afrassiab

    north-east of Samarkand, on the site of Afrassiab, visit the necropolis of Chakhi-Zinda, composed of several richly decorated mausoleums. The Afrassiab Museum presents beautiful pieces of Sogdian art, such as a large stucco frieze from the 6th century.

     

    Ulugh Beg Astronomical Observatory

    The observatory was built by Ulugh Beg from 1420 to 1429 AD, on the Kohik Hill north of Samarkand. The Samarkand Observatory went into decline after the death of Ulugh Beg, and was probably destroyed in the 16th century. It was only rediscovered in 1908.
    The most important astronomical instrument of the observatory was a sextant, the largest meridian-based meridian meridian, which measured the position of celestial bodies above the horizon and their meridian.
    The sextant had an overall diameter of 84m. The useful part was an arc graduated in degrees from 20 ° to 80 °, in minutes and perhaps in seconds of arc, limited on each side by two borders covered with marble. The lower part of the instrument was located 11 meters below the ground.
    A museum adjoins the building of Sextant, it allows to learn more about this scientific prince that was Ulugh Beg.




    Necropolis Chah e Zindeh

    In Uzbekistan, on the northern outskirts of the city of Samarkand, on the Afrasiah hill is the magnificent necropolis of Chah e Zindeh. No name evokes the Silk Road better than the city of Samarkand, you know this ancient trade route that connected China to the Mediterranean, many writers and poets have written on it, without even having set foot there.
    Shah e Zindeh is one of the attractions here, it is made up of many mausoleums built on the site of the tomb of Saint Koussam Ibn Abbas, the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad.
    On the website "Custom Uzbekistan", we are told that "according to the legend that is told, the" living king "who came to spread Islam almost fell under the arrows of the infidels, but managed to escape by sneaking into a crevasse, hence its accession to paradise. The personalities who dominated the region then wanted to be buried by his side, to benefit from his blessing. "
    Today, there are eleven mausoleums in the cemetery of Chah e Zindeh dating from the eleventh and twelfth centuries. There is the mosque and the mausoleum of Touman Aka, that of Khodja Ahmed and that of Koutloug Aka, all of which are surmounted by a spherical-conical dome. They are very appreciated for their decorations. You will notice ornamental motifs called murqarnas, dating from medieval Islamic times. And above all, the splendid turquoise mosaics that shine the facades.
    In addition to this wonder, in Samarkand, you can visit the Registan, the Gour e Amir, and the Bibi-Khanum mosque. The whole city is a cult in itself, and the necropolis of Cha e Zindeh is the most majestic vestige




    Ulugh Beg Madrassah (1417-1420)

    The Ulugh Beg Madrassah is one of the largest in Central Asia. Ulugh Beg has invested more in teaching than in building mosques and mausoleums, unlike his grandfather Tamerlan. It would have taught astronomy, a subject recalled by the stars arranged on the pishtak of the building. A Kufic calligraphic inscription indicates that "this magnificent facade is twice as high as the sky, and so heavy that the crust of the earth is crushed". On either side of the portal, two dome study rooms occupy the corners. The inner courtyard, square, is pierced by four iwans in the extension of the axes. The entrances to the students' cells are arranged on the two floors in the courtyard, on either side of the iwans. Minarets are arranged at the corners of the facades. A mosque occupies the space between the two study rooms at the end of the courtyard

    Bibi-Khanym Mosque

    Bibi-Khanym, wife of Tamerlane, has left its name to two monuments or monumental ensembles of Samarkand, opposite: the "Friday mosque Tamerlane" (masjid-i jami ') called Bibi Khanym mosque (1399- 1404) and the whole mausoleum and medersa says of Saray Mulk Khanum (this distinction of names of the same person is other practice).
    The mosque was erected in 1398 by Tamerlane after his Indian campaign, where he ransacked Delhi. There, he had seen the 12th century Tughluq Mosque and had inspired it to build his great mosque in Samarkand. The Indian inspiration is all the more marked as the mosque is called stone according to Babur. In fact, only a few elements and columns are in marble, but it was at the time a great innovation since the majority of buildings in Central Asia is brick, raw or cooked. The mosque was completed in 1405. It was imposing (167 × 109 m) with


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